Vertical Center Channels
A vertical center channel is used to distribute a fluid from a point down the line of a line that has a vertical center. It is also called a cross channel.
This type of channel is used to transfer the fluid in a way that will keep it at a level water surface and not change the pressure on the point that the fluid is coming from. It can be used to transfer water at a level that is often used as a lubricant on pipes. The fluid in this system does not spread or become diffused as water can do in other types of systems.
Vertical centers can also be used to transport a fluid in a horizontal manner or in an inclined manner. In the horizontal case, the fluid flows along a horizontal axis instead of across it. In the inclined case, the fluid flows down a slope, instead of across it. This type of use is usually called gravity-based transfer.
With a vertical center, hydraulic pressure is used to push the fluid from a point. The fluid in this case is created by the same method that is used in an underwater pipe. Some of the fluids used for this type of transfer include other types of liquids like oil, gaseous fuels, and even air.
Vertical centers are usually rectangular in shape, but they may be circular in shape as well. A circular center channel is used to transport natural gas through a series of pipes inside a pipeline system.
Most of the time, vertical center channels are very large and there is a gap between the two ends to keep the fluid from spreading or becoming diffused. The diameter of the channel is between six and eighteen inches depending on the type of fluid that will be being transported.
It is important that there is not a lot of space between the two ends of the pipes because the fluid might get moved by the pressure exerted by the movement of the pipe. If there is not enough space between the two ends of the pipe, then the pressure that is exerted on the fluid will be more than what the fluid is capable of handling.
Vertical centers can be installed in a vertical location, either at a level surface or on the ground. In some cases, a concrete foundation is needed to be able to install this type of device.